Spiders

ABOUT SPIDERS

Spiders are important insects in the eco-system,

feeding with mosquitoes, flies, moths, cockroaches

and other pests. This way they help people by

reducing the spread of disease.

But considering that so many people are

suffering of Arachnophobia or simply consider

them disgusting, spiders themselves can become pests. Not to mention the annoying spider webs that can fill out corners of your home.

Nobody wants to live in a home full of spiders, not to mention that some species bite human flesh and have venom. As a non-expert you can’t really tell in advance which species you have in your house and if they will bite your children or not. So getting rid of them is the best solution, and for that you will need the help of a specialist.

Spiders belong to the Arachnids class, have eight legs, two body parts, and no wings or antennae. Some of them prefer damp areas like basements, while others prefer warm and dry places. They feed on small insects or smaller spiders, and as you may already know, they produce firm and elastic silk to catch their prey. Some webs are very well organized, while others are messy, depending on the species.

HOW SPIDERS REPRODUCE

When it’s time to mate, they perform elaborate dances to attract the partner. But what happens next is quite shocking. After the process is completed and the male spider did its job, it will be eaten alive by the female. Then, the female will lay eggs from which spider-lings emerge. A series of moults occur for the spider-lings to become adults.

When a spider gets in contact with other spiders, the competition begins and the biggest and strongest will survive, while the other one will be eaten. This explains why the population of small spiders decreases while that of larger ones increases.

HOW SPIDERS FEED

They use their venom to immobilize and to pre-digest their prey. This venom starts to liquefy the insect from the inside out, and then they will suck the flesh and tissues. They will then leave the outer shell behind, and this is usually food for other creatures out there.

The venom and digestive enzymes are highly important, as spiders can’t digest solids. They are seen as predators, but some species also consume plant materials and nectar. These vegetarian species are active during the day, while those that are predating insects are more active at night.

They don’t only feed on what gets trapped in their web, but they are also opportunistic creatures. If they happen to stumble upon dead insects, they will feed on them. If they lack food and energy, they can become very resourceful. Some spiders will roll their web up into a ball, suck it up and then use the same material to make a web somewhere else, instead of creating a new one. Some species will even consume the remains of their exoskeleton, as this provides plenty of nutritional value. And it’s also a way to reduce their smell so they are not found by predators.